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Contship Italia has revealed that cut-throat competition from North African ports has led to a dramatic decline in transhipment volumes at Italy’s largest port, Gioia Tauro.
The port is locked in an intense battle for transhipment traffic with other hubs, such as Malta and Piraeus, as well as the emerging facilities at Port Said at the north end of the Suez Canal.
The port operator’s marketing and communication director Daniele Testi told The Loadstar that volumes at Gioia Tauro, located on the tip of Italy’s toe, have dropped by almost 1m teu since 2008, to 2.8m teu.
He said this was largely down to carriers looking to streamline business costs, leaving the port with stiffening competition from its neighbours.
“We are having to compete with the North African ports,” said Mr Testi. “And with their cheaper labour costs, it has left us, quite frankly, suffering.”
Instead, Contship has focused on building up volumes from northern Europe, with several large investments in its intermodal and rail facilities. The port operator also recorded 10% growth in its logistics business between 2015 and 2016, and Mr Testi expects a similar performance this year.
“We increased our logistics handling volumes from 247,000teu to 271,000,” he said. “And we handled 25% of the 1m teu of Italy’s intermodal traffic.”
Over the past two years, the operator has been pushing its Rail Hub Milano facilities, which, following a €45m investment, provides mainland Europe with 7,000 trains’ worth of rail cargo.
“We are expecting a seismic shift in the use of rail freight across Europe,” said Mr Testi. “The perception of it is changing; before, rail services were government-owned with no competition.”
Since 2008, Mr Testi said, this has changed, with more private firms investing in rail. In the past nine years, volumes of freight carried by rail have increased by 37%.
“We now run three trains a week to Basel,” he said. “By offering rail services to our ports, we are also allowing shippers the opportunity to mitigate their risks by splitting shipments between ports in the north and south of Europe.”
Despite the difficulties being experienced in Gioia Tauro, the company is nonetheless expecting a buoyant 2017 and predicts healthy growth in terminals and logistics activities over the course of the year.
Last year saw the terminal operator increase volumes by 1.7% to 6.4m teu. More than 80%, or 5.2m teu, was handled by its Italian ports, equating to 50% of the country’s container shipping volumes.
“While as a listed company we cannot give forecasts, what we can say is that we are expecting good things,” said Mr Testi. “I would expect an average increase of 10% in our gateway terminals.”
The company also owns a stake in Morocco’s Tangier Med facilities.